During the baroque era, the term "cantata" generally retained its original Italian usage to describe a secular vocal piece of extended length, often in different sections, and usually Italianate in style. Ziegler took the idea from the Gospel that Nicodemus came to speak with Jesus at night, afraid to be seen with him, and deducted thoughts about the timidity of Christians in general. The cantata was introduced into France by one of Carissimi’s students, Marc-Antoine…, …subsequent development of the German cantata, which was frequently based on a chorale and, like the vocal-instrumental concerto, included vocal soloists, choir, and instruments.…. The Lutheran church of the Baroque observed three days of Pentecost. Alessandro Scarlatti was the major figure of the last main group of Italian cantata composers. His compositions are not valued highly today; Bach spoke well of his compositional ability, perhaps due to their personal relationship. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cultivation of the cantata in the 20th century has been fostered by composers such as Britten who are interested in older forms of music. 24 sentence examples: 1. Cantatas, such as the BWV 76, is an example of a cantata that has a chorus with an opening that is purely instrumental. Georg Philipp Telemann, with his 12 cycles of cantatas for each Sunday and holiday, represents this trend. The early 18th century saw a similar trend in French music, notably in the works of Louis Clérambault, Jean-Baptiste Morin, and Jean-Philippe Rameau. 4: Recitative [B] | Mvt. Many choirs have a tradition of an annual Christmas cantata. He wrote cantatas and other works for choir as well as some chamber music. Examples of cantata in a Sentence. Despite being only twenty minutes long, the cantata includes nine movements. When Bach wrote for a one-off occasion such as a birthday, he sometimes recycled the music in another composition. Over 100,000 Spanish translations of English words and phrases. With the influx of Neumeister’s more secularized form, the church music was transformed by Italian operatic style. 5: Aria [B] [mp3] Neville Marriner / ASMF / John Shirley-Quirk (B) 9:42, 1:27, 11:13, 0:58, 4:16: BCW / Harry Fisher: C-25: Complete Cantata [m3u] N. Harnoncourt / CMW: 20:39 The opening movement sets only a single line: the title of the cantata. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A second generation of cantata writers standardized the form into a chain of recitatives and da capo arias (ABA, the A section usually varied on its repetition) for one or occasionally two voices. A musical composition for voices and orchestra based on a religious text, A Popular History of the Art of Music, by W. S. B. Mathews. She is known to have remained in Naumburg until 1763, when her brother Gottfried Heinrich died; she later moved back to Leipzig, where her two daughters married; she died on 24 August 1781. Giacomo Carissimi standardized the form as a short drama in verse consisting of two or more arias with their preceding recitatives. Cantata definition: A cantata is a fairly short musical work for singers and instruments. The intermediate stanzas are paraphrased in the texts of recitatives and arias for one or more vocal soloists, and the various movements were interwoven with the liturgical service. Cantata sentence examples cantata The most considered poets of the day joined the Arcadia and Lyric individually wrote much excellent verse, but they Latin authors were the models they chose, and Gargao, the most prominent Arcadian, composed the Cantata de Dido, a gem of ancient art, as well as some charming sonnets to friends and elegant odes and epistles. The first of these was, first performed in the on 30 May 1723, the first Sunday after Trinity. Secular cantatas were also common in Bach’s day (e.g., his Coffee and Peasant cantatas) and afterward. Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme ('Awake, calls the voice to us'), BWV 140, also known as Sleepers Wake, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach, regarded as one of his most mature and popular sacred cantatas.He composed the chorale cantata in Leipzig for the 27th Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 25 November 1731. What does cantata mean? At the same time, vocal pieces of similar scope, often with several singers, and various instruments, were in great demand for the services of the Lutheranchurch. In 1961, Harris wrote a large cantata on St. Francis's Canticle of the Sun for solo voice and chamber ensemble. The latter work's music is lost, only parts of the former cantata are extant. From about 1800 the style of the cantata became increasingly free, and the term was often applied to any fairly large work for solo voice or voices, chorus, and orchestra, from Beethoven’s Der glorreiche Augenblick (The Glorious Moment) onward. Information and translations of cantata in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. ; She composed several cantatas, two pianoforte concertos and five operas, Sofonisbe, Ciro in Armenia, Nitocri, Il Re Pastore and Insubria consolata. It is regarded as part of his third annual cycle of cantatas. Previously, Lutheran church music had been based largely on 12th-century music with biblical texts. This cantata is a perfect example of the ease that Strozzi had writing for vocalists. Recitative (or Arioso) 5. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Bach first performed the cantata on 20 October 1726. From 1714 Bach integrated da capo arias into his church works. The French cantatas were usually to French texts, and in Germany, where the cantata lost its aristocratic connotations, they were in German. In reality, the fact that such a designation was felt necessary is a symptom of a remarkable change that happened in European art music. We use a benchmark Eclipse workspace consisting of a C++ project of 135 source files to generate a Cantata test script using default settings for sample source files. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The cantata in seven movements is scored for alto, a four-part choir only for the closing chorale, two oboes, taille (tenor oboe), two violins, viola, organ obbligato and basso continuo. Examples of cantata in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web As part of a three-production virtual concert series, the American Baroque Opera Company will present a recording of Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre’s cantata , Odysseus’ Sleep, with two dancers from the Indique Dance Company. / Music Example: Performers / Details: Time: Source: C-10: Mvt. Some composers wrote sacred cantatas to be performed in the church services of these days. The early cantatas after Grandi were written by Italian composers, most in secular style (cantata da camera, “chamber cantata”), but some in sacred manner (cantata da chiesa, “church cantata”) and all in the vernacular language, Italian. The cantata has a difficult vocal score. Sentence Examples. There are bits of this work that feel like aria, and others which fit more into the category of recitative. Christmas cantatas have been written on texts in several other languages, such as Czech, Italian, Romanian, and Spanish. 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