However, in wetter conditions during the rainy spring months, wilting may be a sign of too much water. Most lettuce likes humus-rich soil with a high nitrogen content. Garden zones with minimum temperatures in the 60s can grow lettuce all year round. It’s popular because it does well in hot weather and has thick, crunchy leaves. Lettuce does not like to compete with cress, celery, parsley, or most cabbages. This will encourage your plant to keep producing more leaves from its center, and as they mature, they will replace the removed outer leaves. We aren’t promising that growing this way will complete all your lettuce needs, but you’ll be able to use this little supply in your salads and other preparations. Slimy slugs and snails will eat huge gouges out of your lettuce leaves if given half a chance. But if you’re growing a number of lettuce types as most of us do, you will want to purchase new seed rather than save your own, as it may form unusual and less-favorable hybrids. 1894 heirloom crisphead lettuce. Artificial light is usually needed to grow lettuce indoors. You can also grow smaller-leafed lettuces beneath rows of broccoli or under tomato plants to provide added shade from the sun. In some areas, you may be able to grow lettuce year-round, but in most locations, you will want to plant your lettuce as soon as the ground is able to be worked. Is your lettuce turning yellow — and it’s not a yellow or yellow-green variety? Hi, I'm Kevin. Direct sow your seed 1/4″ to 1/2″ under the surface. So purple it’s almost ebony, deeply crinkled leaves, and pale hearts. As long as there’s enough ventilation around the plants, they’ll continue to thrive in their shady spot! Extremely bolt-resistant and heat-resistant, great flavor, popular romaine type. If you broadcast-seed, you will need to use a rake to bury the seed 1/4″ to 1/2″ under the soil’s surface. To make a garden-- a beautiful garden! Oak-leaf shaped leaves with a cos growth habit. You can also use this method to try to make lettuce “chips”, but as they crumble in your fingers, this may be more trouble than it’s worth; using them as a powder is easier. Sometimes referred to as asparagus lettuce, the leaves are edible but tend towards bitter. Try giving it some compost tea or a fish or seaweed emulsion fertilizer at the base of the plant. They also tend towards unusual shapes and crinkled styles, making them visually appealing. Broad beans are perfect for any garden. Plan your sowing and look after the plants and you could be eating home-grown lettuce all year round, says Monty Don. Enjoy home-grown lettuce all year when growing it in the house. It’s possible to ruin your harvest by overwatering! Or do different things different times of the year. This method is referred to as “cut and come again”, and the plant will rapidly regrow, giving you a regular harvest. Consider planting aphid-repelling plants like chives or garlic near your lettuce bed. I opt to grow lettuce in shadier locations year-round, just to get the most out of those areas which won’t usually provide much produce. Lettuce should be pretty easy to grow. Try to leave at least an inch or two around the base of your plant bare of mulch, so that it isn’t right up against the leaves. Source: essgee51, Black Seeded Simpson lettuce. Early spring and late fall lettuce. For more information on growing lettuce in water and other edibles, read this post here. Source: Elsa Spezio, Best Work Gloves: Getting The Right Gloves For Your Job, Fence Planters: Fantastic & Free Plans To Get More Growing Space, Regular, about 1” per week or more in hot conditions, 45-65 degrees Fahrenheit preferred, can tolerate heats up to 75 degrees. There’s so many types of lettuce that there’s no possible way I can feature them all. Dehydrated lettuce does not rehydrate very well. This the easiest way for growing lettuce indoors. Compact, slow to bolt. These plants are quick-growing and will steal away the nitrogen that the lettuce requires to thrive. Spring mix is also a blend. Rotate your lettuce out of that location for future plantings. Follow these tips for the best chance of lettuce success! The treatment for this fungal disease is much the same as damping off – space your plants wide enough to allow for plenty of air to move around them, and reduce the frequency of watering. Being able to grow lettuce indoors, year-round provides you with a constant supply of freshly grown greens. Find out. A growing cart like this will provide you an option of year-round gardening. Alternately, you can let them drain thoroughly in a collander and blot them dry with paper towels. Q: Are there good companion plants for lettuce? Different shapes, colors and textures – a green salad need never be boring! Aphids, thrips, flea beetles, cutworms, root knot nematodes, snails, slugs, larger animals like rabbits/woodchucks/deer, Fungal infections like sclerotinia, bacterial infections such as pseudomonas, downy mildew, aphid-borne disease like lettuce necrotic yellows or the lettuce mosaic virus. There are some cultivars which will grow readily at warmer temperatures as well, but they may start to bolt quickly. These beans can grow all year round especially if you incubate them in a greenhouse. If you are growing only one variety of lettuce, you shouldn’t have cross-pollination issues, so you can save seed for the next growing season. The initial pre-sowing fertilization is the most important. You need to pick a decorative pot, and it doesn’t have to be quite large as lettuce roots are not so deep. If any of your stored lettuce has started to wilt, don’t panic! To deter aphids, planting rows of chives, cilantro, or garlic between rows of lettuce will help, as aphids don’t like the aroma of these plants. Let’s go over some different kinds and see the differences. Cold-hardy, slow to bolt. Using a nitrogen-rich aged compost will work well for this purpose. In case you don’t have access to a bright spot in your home, you can substitute it with grow lights for optimum growth. Slightly pointed leaves that grow in almost a pinwheel pattern. Quick-growing and heat resistant. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) can be grown in nearly all climate zones, but as a cool-season vegetable it does best when growing in the spring and fall—or even winter in southern climates. Large-spreading loose-leaf heads with burgundy-colored edges. A mini-romaine variety which produces bronze-red, oval-shaped leaves. It’s best to prune your leaves when they’re 3-4″ in size, but you can harvest them up to 6″ without any bittering of the flavor. Simply prepare a bowl full of ice and ice water and soak your lettuce leaves in it for about 15-30 minutes. Striking red-topped leaves with green ribs and veins. Lettuce seeds germinate in temperatures between 40 to 80 degrees F, depending on the cultivar. Miniature butterhead lettuce which makes baseball-sized tasty heads. This is especially important for any savoyed leaves, as they can trap all sorts of garden soil in their indentations. Unfortunately, not everyone lives in a climate that holds steady at 45 to 65 degrees. A: Mesclun is actually a mix of different types of lettuce leaves. Unfortunately, lettuce does not hold up well to long-term preservation techniques. If you start seed in advance, you can easily transplant out lettuce into your garden beds once it’s ready. Move it outdoors or close to the position that receives more sunlight with the help of wheels. Slow to bolt. An iceberg-type with medium-sized firm heads. There’s multiple different methods to prevent these, but all of them involve bait. There are people who have dehydrated lettuce to make a lettuce powder to add to smoothies or other power drinks, and that is an option, but it will not provide much flavor to your beverages. Of course you need to choose the right types of vegetables for growing through the winter. It may be hungering for a good dose of nitrogen. Growing Lettuce In Florida. There’s a reason that lettuce is one of the most popular plants to grow. Check your plants on warmer days. High resistance to downy mildew and some pests. This is especially true of loose-leaf lettuces, which are best eaten the day that they’re picked. The hearts of the cos varieties can be used as celery substitutes (although they have a different flavor profile). Beautiful appearance. Any year-round productive garden needs careful planning. Slow-bolting. However, these varieties deserved a mention. Types of commonly lettuce grown There are innumerable different types of lettuce varieties available to choose from, with four of the most commonly grown types being leaf, romaine, iceberg, and bibb lettuce. These lettuces have an erect growth pattern, with long spoon-shaped leaves that form a tight head pattern. Here’s exactly how to do it! If you find your lettuce tastes bitter or is woody in texture, it’s too old. Sow every 2-3 weeks for a continuous harvest. While most people do not think of lettuce as being something which is meant to be cooked, it can be treated like spinach or other wilting greens, and can make a tasty side dish or a lightly-sweet soup. Do you prefer crisp lettuces or tender buttery ones? Old lettuce variety. Thrips will scar your lettuce or cause it to yellow and wilt. Heirloom variety. This style of lettuce is unusual as it’s not grown for its leaves – it’s grown for the stem! Because it’s growing so quickly, lettuce can use up a significant amount of soil nutrients. Amend your soil with compost or other soil nutrients about a week prior to planting for best success. Good Products To Treat Lettuce Pests/Diseases: There are many, many kinds of lettuce available. You can start some lettuce plants in advance, 4-6 weeks prior to the final frost, and transplant them out once the ground is able to be worked. To be sure your plants will not contract these diseases, be sure your lettuce is aphid-free by regularly spraying the leaves with neem oil to repel them. Popular traditional butterhead variety with light green leaves. While some types of lettuce have lower rates of germination than others, the majority typically have about an 85% germination rate, so your watering habits are likely the issue. Buttery-flavored 6-8″ tall slightly crumpled leaves. Either that, or they’re distinctive enough that they’d make an interesting addition to your garden! Lettuces are easy to grow in the smallest of gardens or even in pots on a balcony or patio. To grow lettuce indoors you will need a good source of light and adequate moisture. While it’s good for your lettuce to have at least an hour or two of sun during the day, pick locations where the peak sunlight periods aren’t going to harm your tender greens. This also means that you can enjoy fresh greens even with snow on the ground. Bright leaves turn darker red in colder weather. Be sure to press out all excess air. If the edges of your leaves are turning brown, you’re experiencing tip burn. You can also add alfalfa meal or other nitrogen-rich additives in at this point, about a week before you plant. Heads close early and fill in quickly. For many of us, the summer is the biggest obstacle to growing lettuce year round. At this point, your plant is past its eating prime and should be removed unless you plan on harvesting seed from it. August, September, October, November are the months for planting cool weather vegetables. Our Garden Planner has a number of powerful features to help you really maximise your space and your time. Most varieties are consumed fresh and serve as the base of salads and burgers. Warmer zones can grow lettuce throughout the winter if you stick to planting lettuce in the fall. The investment in a grow-light set up will pay for itself over time. Sprinkle lettuce seeds all over the soil inside your pot and cover with about 1/8 inch of soil. Managed properly, lettuce can be grown all year round to provide the main part of most salad dishes. The most difficult part of harvesting and storing lettuce is that no matter what you do, it won’t last for very long! You can also opt for a liquid fertilizer. Red-tinted crisphead. You can buy lettuce from the market anytime but believe this–homegrown lettuce tastes so ecstatic– just like tomatoes that you will always desire to grow your own, once you have it. It’ll be limp and unappetizing. Source: rodeworks, Tom Thumb lettuce, a baseball-sized head. Let us grow lettuce! But what if it’s not? If the weather is mild, don’t water until you’ve checked your soil moisture. I’ve been doing it for years now, experimenting with different varieties and season extenders in our colder northern climate and I can tell you it’s amazing to harvest green food when there’s snow on the ground! Batavian-type lettuce with bronze-purple leaves on the exterior. Lobed dark red leaves with a bright green interior. Ready to make lettuce part of your garden? Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Burgundy, almost purple succulent leaves in a tight upright head formation. The hard part with lettuce (shown above) is not the fall, spring or even winter. Boston or butterhead lettuce is tender, with bright green outer leaves and a slightly yellow heart. And if you are like me, then this is great news because I hate being forced to buy veggies from the store during winter months. This occurs when you’re not watering consistently or frequently enough while trying to sprout new plants. Moreover, after the setup, you’ll be able to plant lettuce year-round. However, if your lettuce is wilting faster than you’re making salads, you can use your lettuce greens up quickly by making a creamy lettuce soup or by making a stir-fry with them. One way to ensure you can eat salad year-round is to grow your own lettuce. 1. Good for salads. Click, What are the best vegetables to grow on a windowsill? The classic “salad lettuce” of the United States. Since lettuce has shallow roots, you’ll need to opt for wide and not so deep window boxes. Varieties range from pale green to extremely dark red in coloration. Any pest-damaged, wilted, or otherwise problematic leaves on the plant can be pruned out at any time. Often grown to produce extremely tasty romaine hearts. However indoor vegetables can grow year-round, bringing cheer even during the dreary winter months. Large clods of soil can slow down germination. It’s also heat tolerant, while being more nutritious than iceberg. It’s essential that your leaf lettuce is completely dry before storing. Less susceptible to twisted leaves. The term “cos” is a term for the romaine types of lettuce. Head varieties can either have outer leaves trimmed off for immediate use or can be grown until the full head has developed. For beginners, who are planning to grow these salad greens hydroponically, start with the bibb lettuce. However, you can store loose-leaf lettuce for a few days if needed. If you cover your raised beds with hoops and floating row covers (fleece) you can grow vegetables all year round even in quite cold climates. Mint-green leaves tinged with mahogany red, savoyed shape. While snow is not necessarily detrimental to lettuce, avoid exposing them to desiccating cold as this will kill them Once temperatures are over 80 degrees consistently, grow your plants in the shade and be sure that they have lots of air around them to keep them cooler. The cos or headed varieties are going to form heads that you will harvest as a whole, but the leafy types need regular trimming to keep them growing. Still, if you have an abundance of lettuce, this might be an option for you! Lettuce grows almost as readily as grass in most areas. As the weather warms up, switch to more heat-resistant varieties of lettuce. Broad Beans. With a good focus on gardening basics like proper water, shade, and planting in succession, lettuce can be a constant harvest from your garden almost the entire year long. Let’s explore the diversity of lettuce types and find the perfect variety for you! Starting in August, though still hot, you can plant carrots, tomatoes, and beans, in preparation for your fall garden. If the crown of your lettuce is starting to elongate, it’s about to bolt to seed. When temperatures are too cold or too hot, lettuce has little chance to thrive. It should green back up. However, if you want to maintain healthy growth and succession-plant your beds, you’ll need to side-dress with a high-nitrogen fertilizer a couple times during the season. Popular variety. It’s best to harvest your lettuce early rather than letting it go later. Lettuces require up to 16 hours of sunlight and need fertilization after each harvest. You need to harvest lettuce while the leaves are tender and flavorful, before they begin to bitter. A Chinese stem lettuce grown not for the leaves, but for its tasty stalk. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers such as fish or seaweed-based liquids or alfalfa meal. Pay close attention if you do this, though, as too tightly-packed of a lettuce bed can become infested with various mildews or pests quickly. A little more about me. Be sure that the soil temperature has dropped below 80 degrees, and plant away. 15 Old Tea Tins Turned Into Fabulous Indoor Plant Homes, 14 Really Cute Tabletop Garden DIYs for 2021, 25 Beautiful Succulent Hanging Garden Ideas, 45 Houseplants Full of Colors | Colorful Indoor Plant Pictures, 13 Raised Bed Ideas for Balcony Gardeners. And cold up the excess lettuce you may be affiliate links, we... Have the most popular plants to breathe soil temperature has dropped below degrees! 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Bury the seed 1/4″ to 1/2″ under the grow lights is here to.! The basic requirements to grow in almost a pinwheel pattern it does well in hot weather and has thick crunchy! Peeled, the more bitter they will get, and that will ruin the..